Havana has just turned 500 years. It has survived relatively well three revolutionary wars with the most part of its colonial, baroque and neoclassic architecture intact. The preservation has been helped by being named Unesco World Heritage Site.
Havana, as the capital and the most important Spanish port in the colonial times has coastal fortifications that are one of the finest models of military architecture in the Americas. Mostly from the 17th and 18th centuries, they have thick walls and polygon designs made to fit in with the coastal topography.
Barroque architecture in Cuba goes back to the 1700s and accompanied the islands sugar industry growth and economic development. In the mid 1800s Neoclassicism evolved with its sharp primary colours, and bold symmetrical lines. And in the 1900s the Art Deco movement was predominant, with its cubist and futurist influence, and its sweeping curves. Finally in the building boom of the 1950s a cluster of modernist skyscrapers were constructed in Vedado.
Cuban arquitecture features a hybrid of styles and background references, and proves to be one of the highlights when discovering the island.
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